Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Birthday

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s birthday is March 17, 1920. He is known as the “Father of Bangladesh” and played a pivotal role in the country’s fight for independence.

Here’s a quick rundown of his education:

  • He started with primary education at the local Gimadanga School in his village.
  • His studies were interrupted for a few years due to an eye issue.
  • Later, he attended Gopalganj Missionary School and completed his matriculation (equivalent to 10th grade) in 1942.
  • He continued his studies at Islamia College in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
  • He earned his IA (Intermediate in Arts, similar to 12th grade) in 1944 and a Bachelor’s degree in 1947, both from Islamia College.
  • However, his active involvement in politics led to his expulsion from Dhaka University in 1948.

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, also honored as Bangabandhu (meaning “Friend of Bengal”), was a pivotal figure in Bangladeshi history. Here’s a glimpse into his life:

Early Life and Political Beginnings:

  • Born on March 17, 1920, in Tungipara, Bangladesh (then East Pakistan).
  • Studied law and political science at universities in Calcutta and Dhaka.
  • Involved in activism from a young age, advocating for Bengali identity.
  • Co-founded the Awami League in 1949, a party promoting autonomy for East Pakistan.

The Fight for Independence:

  • Led the Awami League to victory in the 1970 elections, demanding independence for East Pakistan due to political and cultural discrimination by West Pakistan.
  • In 1971, after Pakistan’s military crackdown, declared Bangladesh’s independence and became the leader of the Bangladeshi liberation war.
  • Bangladesh achieved independence with Indian support in 1971.

Leading Bangladesh:

  • Served as the provisional president of Bangladesh from 1971 to 1972.
  • Became the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh in 1972, leading the reconstruction efforts of the war-torn nation.
  • Faced challenges like poverty, famine, and political instability.
  • Briefly served as president again from January 1975 until his assassination in August 1975.


  • Remembered as the “Father of the Nation” in Bangladesh for leading the fight for independence.
  • Credited for promoting Bengali language, culture, and identity.
  • His political ideology is often referred to as “Mujibism.”

Further Exploration:

If you’d like to delve deeper, you can explore these resources:

  • Wikipedia article on Sheikh Mujibur Rahman: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on Wikipedia:
  • Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman information on the official website of the Assistant High Commission of Bangladesh, Guwahati: [Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Bangladesh information]

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, also revered as Bangabandhu (Friend of Bengal), was a central figure in Bangladeshi history.

Here’s a summary:

Leader of Bangladesh:

  • The Father of Bangladesh: He is widely considered the architect of Bangladesh’s independence and is honored as the nation’s “Father of the Nation.”
  • President and Prime Minister: He served as both president and prime minister of Bangladesh during its crucial formative years.

Political Activism:

  • Early Activism: Starting as a student activist, he advocated for East Bengal’s rights within Pakistan.
  • Awami League: A founding member of the Awami League party, he championed Bengali nationalism and political autonomy for East Pakistan.

Bangladesh Liberation War:

  • Key Figure: Mujib played a pivotal role in the Bangladesh Liberation War that led to the country’s independence in 1971.
  • Declaration of Independence: He declared Bangladesh’s independence in 1971 while imprisoned by Pakistan.


  • Assassination: Sadly, he was assassinated in a coup just four years after independence.
  • Enduring Impact: Despite his short tenure as leader, his legacy as the architect of Bangladesh and a symbol of Bengali nationalism remains strong.

If you’d like to delve deeper, I can provide details on specific aspects of his life or career.

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman: A Timeline

Early Life and Education (1920s – 1940s)

  • 1920: Born in Tungipara village, East Bengal (now Bangladesh)
  • Studied law and political science at universities in Calcutta and Dhaka
  • Briefly jailed as a teenager for political activism

Entry into Politics (1940s – 1950s)

  • 1949: Co-founded the Awami League, advocating for East Pakistani autonomy
  • Became a prominent figure in Bengali politics

Rise as a Leader (1950s – 1960s)

  • 1954: Elected to the East Bengal Legislative Assembly
  • Advocated for Bengali rights within Pakistan
  • Faced imprisonment for his political views

The Struggle for Independence (1960s – 1970s)

  • 1970: Awami League wins Pakistan’s general election, but the military junta refuses to transfer power
  • March 7, 1971: Delivers his historic speech calling for Bengali independence (known as the 7th March Speech)
  • Leads the Bangladesh Liberation War against Pakistan
  • Declares Bangladesh’s independence while imprisoned in West Pakistan
  • 1971: Bengali nationalists establish a provisional government with Mujib as its head (in absentia)

Birth of a Nation (1970s)

  • January 1972: Released from prison and returns to a newly independent Bangladesh as a national hero
  • Becomes the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh
  • Faces the challenges of rebuilding a war-torn nation

Later Years and Assassination (1970s)

  • 1975: Assumes the presidency of Bangladesh
  • August 15, 1975: Assassinated in a military coup

Also Read: All World Day

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