Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad, India. She was a poet, political activist, and the first woman to become the Governor of an Indian state. Naidu was a leading figure in the Indian independence movement and was known for her fiery oratory and wit. She was also a prolific writer, and her poems are still widely read today.

Naidu was born into a Bengali Brahmin family and was educated in Madras, London, and Cambridge. After her return to India, she became involved in the independence movement and was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. She was imprisoned several times for her political activities, but she continued to fight for India’s freedom.

After India’s independence in 1947, Naidu was appointed as the Governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh). She served in this position until she died in 1949. Naidu is remembered as one of the most important figures in the Indian independence movement and her legacy continues to inspire people today.

Sarojini Naidu Birth Anniversary is celebrated on February 13 as National Women’s Day in India. This day is a celebration of the achievements of women in India and a call for continued progress towards gender equality.

Here are some of Sarojini Naidu’s most famous quotes:

  • “We want freedom for ourselves, and yet we deny it to others.”
  • “The cause of women is not separate. It is the cause of humanity.”
  • “Education is the key to progress.”
  • “We must not forget that liberty does not descend upon us from the skies; it is something that we have to fight and win.”
  • “The future of India lies in the hands of its women.”

Naidu’s work and words continue to inspire people all over the world. She is a reminder that we all have the power to make a difference in the world.

Why Sarojini Naidu is called the nightingale of India?

Sarojini Naidu earned the title “Nightingale of India” for two main reasons:

  1. Her beautiful and stirring poetry: Mahatma Gandhi himself bestowed this title upon her, recognizing the rich imagery, lyrical flow, and emotional depth of her writing. Much like the nightingale, a songbird known for its melodious and captivating song, Naidu’s poems resonated with readers, capturing the essence of India’s culture, struggles, and aspirations.
  2. Her powerful voice and activism: Beyond her literary prowess, Naidu was a prominent figure in India’s fight for independence. She used her eloquent speeches and passionate arguments to advocate for freedom, women’s rights, and social justice. Her voice, like the nightingale’s song, served as a beacon of hope and inspiration for many during a tumultuous period in Indian history.

Here are some additional points to consider:

  • Naidu’s poems often addressed themes of love, loss, patriotism, and social injustice.
  • Her work reflected both traditional Indian influences and Western literary styles.
  • She actively participated in the Indian independence movement, leading protests and serving as president of the Indian National Congress.
  • Even though she received criticism for her moderate approach at times, her contributions to India’s cultural and political landscape remain significant.

In conclusion, Sarojini Naidu’s title “Nightingale of India” signifies both the beauty and power of her words and her unwavering dedication to India’s freedom and well-being.

Who is Sarojini Naidu?

Sarojini Naidu was a remarkable Indian figure who wore many hats: political activist, poet, feminist, and the first woman to hold the positions of President of the Indian National Congress and Governor of an Indian state. Here’s a quick overview of her achievements:

Political Activism:

  • A key figure in the Indian independence movement, actively participating in protests and marches like the Salt Satyagraha.
  • Championed women’s rights and upliftment, advocating for their participation in the freedom struggle.
  • Became the first woman President of the Indian National Congress in 1925, demonstrating her leadership and influence.


  • Nicknamed “the Nightingale of India” for her evocative and lyrical poems that touched on themes of patriotism, love, nature, and social issues.
  • Published several collections, including “The Golden Threshold” and “The Bird of Time,” showcasing her diverse poetic voice.
  • Used her poetry as a tool for social commentary and raising awareness about the struggles of Indians under British rule.

Other Achievements:

  • Served as the Governor of the United Provinces (present-day Uttar Pradesh) after India’s independence, marking another historic first for a woman.
  • Remembered for her fiery spirit, eloquent speeches, and dedication to India’s freedom and social progress.
Early Life and Education

Naidu’s brilliance shone early. At the age of 12, she topped the Madras University matriculation exam, earning a scholarship to study abroad. She pursued her studies in England, attending King’s College London and Girton College, Cambridge. During her time in England, she actively participated in the women’s suffrage movement, which ignited her passion for social justice.

Freedom Fighter and Activist

Upon returning to India, Naidu plunged into the freedom struggle. She joined the Indian National Congress and became a powerful voice for India’s independence. Her fiery speeches and captivating persona inspired millions. She embraced Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violent resistance and actively participated in movements like the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement.

Literary Accolades

Naidu’s literary prowess went hand-in-hand with her activism. Her poems, infused with patriotism, love, and social commentary, resonated with readers across the country. Her notable works include “The Golden Threshold,” “The Bird of Time,” and “The Feather of the Dawn.”

First Woman President of Indian National Congress

In 1925, Naidu made history by becoming the first woman president of the Indian National Congress. This landmark achievement symbolized the growing role of women in India’s political landscape.

Governor of Uttar Pradesh

After India’s independence in 1947, Naidu was appointed the governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh), becoming the first woman to hold such a high position in the newly formed nation.


Sarojini Naidu’s legacy lives on as a symbol of courage, resilience, and literary excellence. She remains an inspiration for generations of Indians, particularly women, who aspire to make a difference in the world.

Key Facts

  • Born: February 13, 1879, Hyderabad, India
  • Died: March 2, 1949, Lucknow, India
  • Education: Madras University, King’s College London, Girton College, Cambridge
  • Notable Works: “The Golden Threshold,” “The Bird of Time,” “The Feather of the Dawn”
  • Achievements: First woman president of Indian National Congress, First woman governor of Uttar Pradesh
  • Nickname: Nightingale of India

I hope this summary gives you a good starting point to learn more about Sarojini Naidu’s fascinating life and multifaceted contributions.

Also Read: All World Days

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