Evacuation Day in Boston

Evacuation Day is a public holiday celebrated in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, which includes Boston, Chelsea, Revere, and Winthrop. It falls on March 17th every year.

The day commemorates the evacuation of British troops from Boston in 1776, during the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. The Continental Army’s fortification of Dorchester Heights with cannons forced the British to retreat, marking a major victory for the colonists.

Here are some aspects of Evacuation Day:

  • Public Holiday: Schools and government offices are closed.
  • Shared Date with St. Patrick’s Day: This coincidence leads to a blend of celebrations, especially considering the large Irish-American population in Suffolk County.
  • Commemorative Activities: Reenactments, essay contests, and visits to historical sites are popular ways to honor the day’s significance.

What it is:

  • A public holiday observed in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, which includes Boston.
  • Celebrates the day British troops evacuated Boston during the American Revolutionary War.
  • Falls on March 17th every year.

Significance:

  • Marks a turning point in the Revolutionary War – the first major victory for the Continental Army.
  • Coincides with St. Patrick’s Day, which holds special significance for the many Irish descendants in Suffolk County.

Observances:

  • Schools and government offices are closed.
  • People attend Evacuation Day reenactments, essay contests, and visit historical sites.
  • The day is a reason for celebration, especially due to it falling on St. Patrick’s Day.

Additional Facts:

  • The Dorchester Heights Monument commemorates the events of Evacuation Day.
  • Public schools in Somerville, Massachusetts, also recognize the holiday.

Why does Boston celebrate Evacuation Day?

Boston celebrates Evacuation Day on March 17th every year to commemorate the departure of British troops from the city in 1776. This event marked the end of the Siege of Boston during the early days of the American Revolutionary War.

Here’s a bit more about the historical significance:

  • General George Washington’s forces fortified Dorchester Heights with cannons, threatening the British position.
  • Fearing a costly battle similar to Bunker Hill, British General William Howe decided to evacuate Boston and sail north to Nova Scotia.
  • This evacuation marked the first major American victory in the Revolutionary War and boosted morale for the Thirteen Colonies.

Evacuation Day is a public holiday in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, which includes Boston. Many schools and government offices close for the day, and there are sometimes celebrations held to honor this turning point in American history.

What happened on Evacuation Day in Boston?

Evacuation Day commemorates the day British troops fled Boston in 1776, during the American Revolutionary War. Here’s a quick rundown of what happened:

  • Siege of Boston: The British had occupied Boston for 11 months. The Continental Army, under George Washington’s leadership, surrounded the city (siege).

  • Fortifying Dorchester Heights: In March 1776, Washington’s forces snuck cannons captured at Fort Ticonderoga onto Dorchester Heights, which overlooked the British positions. These cannons directly threatened British ships in the harbor.

  • British Dilemma: The British were in a tough spot. Attacking the fortified heights could be disastrous, similar to the costly Battle of Bunker Hill. General William Howe decided to cut his losses and evacuate.

  • British Evacuation: On March 17, 1776, the British troops and navy set sail for Nova Scotia, effectively ending the siege. This marked the first major victory for the Continental Army and a huge morale boost for the American colonists.

  • A Holiday is Born: Evacuation Day has been celebrated in Boston since 1776 and was officially declared a holiday in Suffolk County, Massachusetts in 1901.

Does Boston have school on Evacuation Day?

No, schools in Boston are closed on Evacuation Day. Evacuation Day is a public holiday in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, which includes Boston, and schools are typically closed on public holidays.

Also Read: All World Days

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